The biggest and most widespread issue in special education,
as well as my own journey in education is the relation of special education to general education. History has shown that it has never been an easy clear connection between the two. Much to give and take about educational policy, or perhaps I should say that it is about educational policy, and the educational practices and services of education and special education by human teachers who deliver those services on either side of the Isle, Like me
In the last 20+ years,
I have been on both sides of education. I have seen and realized what it was like to be a regular mainstream teacher to deal with special education policy, special education students and their special teachers.
I have also been in favor of special education, trying to make regular education teachers work more effectively with their special education students by modifying their instruction and materials and having some more patience and empathy.
I have been a mainstream regular education teacher who tried to teach regular education inclusion classes on how to work with some new special education teachers and their special education students in my classroom.
And, by contrast, I have been a special education inclusion teacher infiltrating the field of some regular education teachers with my special education students and I thought these teachers should apply. I can tell you first hand that none of it is easy to give and take between special education and regular education.
Nor do I feel this push and eased anytime soon.
So, what is special education? And is it sometimes so special and so complicated and controversial? Well, special education, as its name suggests, is a special branch of education.
It claims its descent to such people as Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard (1775–1838), who “miraculously” the physician “Wild Boy of Avron”, and Anne Sullivan Massey (1866–1936), which the teacher performed “miracles”. “With Helen Keller.
Special teachers teach students who have physical,
cognitive, language, learning, sensory and/or emotional abilities that deviate from those of normal people. Special teachers specifically provide instruction to meet individual needs. These teachers basically make education more available and accessible to students who would otherwise be suffering from a disability that would have limited access to education.
It is not just teachers who play a role in the history of special education in this country.
Physicians and clergy, including Itard, mentioned above, Edouard o. Seguin (1812–1880), Samuel Gridley Howe (1801–1876), and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (1787–1851), wanted to treat neglected, often abusive individuals. People with disabilities. Sadly, education in this country was more often than not, very neglected and abusive when students are treated in any way.
There is also a rich literature.
in our nation that describes the treatment provided to persons with disabilities in the 1800s and early 1900s. Sadly, in these stories, as well as in the real world, the population of people with disabilities was often limited in blocks and prisons without food, clothing, personal hygiene and exercise.
There is no need to look further.
than Tiny Tim in Charles Dickens’s A Christmas Carol (1843) for an example of this different treatment in our literature. In addition, people with disabilities were often portrayed as villains, such as in J.M.Berry’s “Peter Pan” book Captain Hook in 1911.
The prevailing view of the writers of this time period was that one should submit to misfortune, both as obedience to God’s will, and because these seeming misfortunes are ultimately intended for their own good. Our progress was difficult for people with disabilities.